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Python SDK

The Python SDK comes with APIs for both synchronous and asynchronous code.


Add the libsql-client module to your project using pip:

$ pip install libsql-client


Import the module using libsql_client:

import libsql_client

If you want to use the synchronous API, use the create_client_sync function:

client = libsql_client.create_client_sync(

If you want to use the asynchronous API, use the create_client function along with asyncio and async/await syntax:

client = libsql_client.create_client(

Do not use await with create_client(). Only the database operations require that.

The auth_token parameter is only required when using a remote database instance managed by Turso.

In either case, the returned object exposes an identical API, though they are are defined with different classes. The synchronous client is a thin wrapper around the asynchronous client.

The examples on this page use the synchronous API. The equivalent async code can be easily derived from that by applying async and await. For example, a synchronous call to the client's execute() method takes this form:

with client:
result_set = client.execute("...")
# Work with query results

While an asynchronous call takes this form:

async with client:
result_set = await client.execute("...")
# Work with query results

In both cases above, the with keyword is used to close the client after the work is complete. If you want to work with the client object across functions, you should call close() on it after you're done with the client to clean up the resources it uses.

Example data set

All of the examples in this section assume tables and data established by these statements:

create table example_users (
uid text primary key,
email text
create table example_scores (
uid text,
level integer,
score integer,
primary key (uid, level)

insert into example_users values ('uid1', '');
insert into example_users values ('uid2', '');
insert into example_scores values ('uid1', 1, 100);
insert into example_scores values ('uid1', 2, 95);

Execute a single statement

SQL string argument

You can execute a single statement with the execute() method of a Client object. It returns a ResultSet object containing the results of the query.

rs = client.execute("select * from users")

# rs.columns == ('uid', 'email')
# rs.rows[0] == ('uid1', '')
# rs.rows[1] == ('uid2', '')

Positional placeholders

libSQL supports positional placeholders using the same syntax as SQLite. Pass two parameters, with the first (stmt) being the SQL string with placeholders, and the second (args) being a list of values to bind to the placeholders.

rs = client.execute(
"select score from example_scores where uid = ? and level = ?",
[ "uid1", 2 ]

# rs.columns == ('score',)
# rs.rows[0] == (95,)

Named placeholders

libSQL supports named placeholders using the same syntax as SQLite. Pass two parameters, with the first (stmt) must be the SQL string with placeholders, and the second (args) must be a dictionary whose keys match the names of the placeholders, and whose values will be bound to the placeholders.

rs = client.execute(
"insert into example_scores values (:uid, :level, :score)",
{ "uid": "uid2", "level": 1, "score": 50 }

# rs.columns == ()
# rs.rows == []
# rs.rows_affected == 1

In the above example, there are placeholders for uid, level, and score using the prefix character :. The values of the matching properties of args are bound to each placeholder.

libSQL supports the same named placeholder prefix characters as SQLite: :, @, and $.

Execute a batch of statements


Be sure to read the common section on batches for libSQL clients to understand their behavior.

To execute multiple statements in a transaction, use the batch() method on the client object, passing it an list of statements. The list may contain any type of statement that is also accepted by execute(). batch() returns a list of ResultSet objects (one for each statement).

The following code inserts a row for uid3 in two different tables using a transaction that commits them both at the same time.

rss = client.batch([
"insert into example_users values (?, ?)",
[ "uid3", "" ]
"insert into example_scores values (?, ?, ?)",
[ "uid3", 1, 200 ]

# rss[0].columns == ()
# rss[0].rows == []
# rss[0].rows_affected == 1
# rss[1].columns == ()
# rss[1].rows == []
# rss[1].rows_affected == 1

Interactive transactions


Be sure to read the common section on interactive transactions for libSQL clients to understand their behavior.

Use the transaction() method on the client object to create a Transaction object to issue read and write statements to be executed atomically. It provides the following methods:

execute()Similar to the normal client execute(), except within the context of the transaction
commit()Commits all the write statements in the transaction
rollback()Rolls back the entire transaction
close()Immediately stops the transaction; must be called if the transaction was not committed or rolled back in order to free resources. Use with on the transaction object to ensure this happens automatically. This is always synchronous even with the async API.

The following code uses an interactive transaction to update a user’s level score, but only if it’s greater than the one that currently exists:

uid = "uid1"
level = 1
new_score = 200

with client.transaction() as transaction:
rs = transaction.execute(
"select score from example_scores where uid = ? and level = ?",
[ uid, level ]

# rs.columns == ('score',)
# rs.rows[0] == (200,)

old_score = rs.rows[0]["score"]
if new_score > old_score:
"update example_scores set score = ? where uid = ? and level = ?",
[ new_score, uid, level ]



Database queries always yield a ResultSet object. This object has the following attribute:

rowsList[Row]A list of Row objects containing the row values, empty for write operations
columnsTuple[str, ...]An tuple of strings with the names of the columns in the order they appear in each Row, empty for write operations
rows_affectedintThe number of rows affected by a write statement, 0 otherwise
last_insert_rowidOptional[int]The rowid of a newly inserted row, if there was one

A ResultSet can also be used as a Sequence of Row objects. The following are all valid on a ResultSet rs:

  • rs[0] to get the first row
  • len(rs) to get the number of rows
  • for row in rs to iterate the rows

A Row object is a Sequence that contains the values of a row in a ResultSet. It can be indexed by either an integer column index or the name of the column. Each element of a Row can have one of the following types, depending on the source of data:

  • None (for SQL NULL)
  • str
  • int
  • float
  • bytes (for blobs)
rs = client.execute(
"select level, score from example_scores where uid = ?",
[ "uid1" ]
for row in rs.rows:
# Can index row by column number
level1 = row[0]
score1 = row[1]

# Can also index row by column name
level2 = row["level"]
score2 = row["score"]